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-FAQ-
25-08-2004, 11:26 PM
FAQ #46 - How do I reinstall Windows 98SE?

Originally written by Heather P with contributions from Merlin and Terry P


Note: The drive to be installed to requires partitioning and formatting prior to installing Windows. Please refer to the following FAQs for more information:
FAQ #42 - How to Partition using FDisk
FAQ #43 - Multiple Partitions on a hard drive
FAQ #45 - How do I reformat my hard drive?


To reinstall windows you need:
- Windows CD
- Windows Instruction manual with product key
- Start up disk

Generally CD drivers are loaded with Windows. To reinstall Windows means starting the computer in DOS mode. For most computers this means… no CD drive.

This means either:
A. Start the computer with a disk containing CD drivers; or
B. Copy the Windows CD ROM onto the hard drive.
C. Change the BIOS (later model machines only) to look for CD ROM as first drive.

A. Creating a Start up disk:
1. Open Windows 98
2. Click Start
3. Point to Settings and click Control Panel
4. Click Add/Remove Programs
5. Click the Start up Disk tab
6. Click the Create Disk button

B. Copy Windows CD ROM onto the hard drive
If you have room this option means you never again have to find the windows disk when updating drivers.
1. Open Windows
2. Open Windows Explorer
3. Create a new directory on the C: drive called Win98
4. Copy all files from the CD ROM to this new directory

NOTE: If you have an extra drive or partition you could put the files there instead of on the C: drive.

C. Changing the BIOS
This is slightly more advanced so leave this option if you don’t understand it.

The following assumes you have loaded Win98 onto the hard drive in a directory called C:\Win98.
If you are using a floppy disk and CD ROM see the alternative in italics.


Installing Windows

1a. If you have Windows currently open:
Start; Shutdown; “Restart in MS-DOS Mode”

1b. If the computer is turned off hold down the <ctrl> key, start the computer and when the menu comes up select "Command prompt only"

2. Type: cd\win98 (if using a floppy type a: )
3. Type: setup
4. Type: C (continue)
5. <Enter> (Select Directory C:\Windows)
6. Type: U (custom)
7. <enter>

8. To select components arrow down to category, <alt>D for details; <space> to select or deselect item; <enter> for OK
9. Change the following categories:
10. Accessories: Select Games; QuickView
11. Online Services: Deselect all
12. System Tools: Select Backup
13. <enter> (next)

14. Computer Name: ……..

15. Computer Settings Regional Settings
16. <alt>A Select: English (New Zealand)
17. <enter> (Next)
18. <enter> New Zealand

19. <enter> (Start Up disk)
20. <esc> (Cancel Start up disk)

21. <enter> (Start Copying Files)

22. Name: ………..
23. Company: (none)
24. <enter> (Next)
25. Select: “I accept the agreement” <tab> <enter>
26. <Cap Lock> (Caps on)
27. Product Key: (this can be found on the front of the instruction manual)
28. <Cap Lock> (Caps off)
29. <enter> (Next)
30. <enter> (Finish)

Date/Time:
31. Change Time Zone: End, up one
32. <Alt> A (Apply)
33. <enter> (OK)

Enter Network Password
34. <enter> (OK)

Add New Hardware Wizard:
35. <enter> (next)
36. <enter> (search for the best driver for your device)
37. Specify a location C:\win98 (or if using a floppy A:/)
38. <enter> (next)
39. <enter> (finish)

40. <alt>W (Show this screen each time Windows starts) - uncheck
41. <enter> (Close)


You should now have a working copy of Windows 98 on your machine.

To install printers, monitors, software and the like you will need the disks that came with these items.


Further information to note:

• MSDOS.SYS: There is a slight bug in the Win9x installation, at least with the OEM CDs.

This is that the option to boot to a previous version of DOS appears in the bootup Start Menu ( when you press F8 etc) after installation.

Since there is no previous version of DOS, then Windows gets into strife if this option is inadvertently selected.

Msdos.sys needs to be edited so that BootMulti=0

This will remove the option to boot to a previous DOS.


• The Win9x CD does not have fdisk on it, so it is still a good idea to have a boot floppy with all the DOS utils on it so that the HDD can be partitioned and formatted first to remove all the old junk.


Original FAQ available from here (http://pressf1.pcworld.co.nz/thread.jsp?forum=1&thread=22555&message=75665&q=FAQ%23+1#75665).